The Start of a Regional Debate on Extra-Judicial Truth-Seeking and Truth-Telling Mechanisms for the Establishment and Public Disclosure of Facts about War Crimes
The HLC, Documenta (a Croatian NGO) and the Research and Documentation Center (RDC-B&H) initiated a debate on the mechanisms for the establishment and public disclosure of the facts about the war crimes perpetrated in the recent past, and a meeting was organized, involving 10 of the most prominent human rights NGOs from post-Yugoslav states. Also taking part in the meeting were experts from the International Center for Transitional Justice. The participants gave their full support for war crimes trials. Bearing in mind that criminal trials tended to be focused on the perpetrators, the HLC, Documenta and the RDC decided to start a victim-centric regional debate on extra-judicial mechanisms for the establishment and public disclosure of facts about war crimes and other gross human rights violations.
The First Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, Sarajevo, B&H
The First Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, dedicated to the initiatives and prospects for the establishment of the truth about the past, was organized by the Research and Documentation Center (B&H), the Humanitarian Law Center (Serbia) and Documenta (Croatia).
Around 300 participants from across the whole region took part in the Forum, which marked the start of the first phase of the Consultation process – a debate about the kind of mechanisms (for the establishment and disclosure of facts about war crimes) the region needed.
The Second Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, Zagreb, Croatia
The Second Regional Forum on establishing the truth about the recent war crimes and conflicts was organized by Documenta, the Humanitarian Law Center and the Research and Documentation Center. For the very first time, more than 300 participants from all the post-Yugoslav states – including representatives of various human rights NGOs, associations of victims and families of the missing, veterans’ associations, the Hague Tribunal, the International Center for Transitional Justice, along with numerous judges, prosecutors, artists and journalists – took part in the debate about the instruments needed to establish the truth about the past. The Forum was opened by the Croatian President Stjepan Mesić, who expressed his strong support for the establishment of facts on a regional level.
The Third Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, Belgrade, Serbia
The Third Regional Forum for Transitional Justice was organized by the Humanitarian Law Center (Serbia), Documenta (Croatia) and the Research and Documentation Center (B&H), and more than 300 representatives of victims’ associations (as well as unaffiliated victims), veterans’ associations, youth organizations, human rights activists, journalists, judges, prosecutors, lawyers, MPs, historians, artists, college and high school students took part. The Forum was opened by Oliver Dulić, the President of the Serbian National Assembly, and Jelko Kacin, the Special Rapporteur of the European Parliament for Serbia.
At the Third Regional Forum, the debate which, up to that point, revolved mainly around extra-judicial mechanisms,finally gained substance, and the need to establish a regional body which, in turn, would establish the facts about the recently perpetrated war crimes became part of the conversation.
It was at this Forum that the first public testimonies of victims were held.
The Launch of the RECOM Initiative
During the Regional Consultations with victims and representatives of victims’ and veterans’ associations held on May 9th in Podgorica, the Initiative for the Establishment of a Regional Commission to establish and disclose all the facts about the recently perpetrated war crimes (RECOM) was first launched.
The initiative was started by the Humanitarian Law Center (Serbia), Documenta (Croatia) and the Research and Documentation Center (B&H).
Those taking part in the consultations – representatives of victims’ associations and individual, unaffiliated victims, along with veterans from Montenegro, Croatia, B&H, Serbia, Macedonia, Slovenia and Kosovo – gave their backing to the Initiative for the establishment of RECOM, firmly believing that it would also receive strong support from the missing persons associations in all post-Yugoslav states.
The Consultative Process on the Establishment of RECOM
The debate began in May of 2006, during the First Regional Forum on the mechanisms for the establishment of facts about the past, organized jointly by the HLC, the RDC and Documenta. By the end of June of 2011, a total of 127 consultations had been held, as well as one international and seven regional forums on transitional justice. Taking part in the consultations were a total of 6,187 human rights activists and representatives of various NGOs, youth organizations, associations of victims’ families and former prison camp detainees, and war veterans’ associations, as well as many artists, teachers, representatives of religious congregations and communities and other civil society groups and associations from all the successor-states of the former Yugoslavia. The consultation process was conducted in the form of local, national and regional debates (public consultations) within smaller groups, as well as during discussions held in fora, involving between 200 and 300 participants each, with representatives of state institutions and international organizations also taking part, while expert support for the entire process was being provided by the ICTY.
The consultation process was envisaged as a public platform for the voices of victims and civic groups to be heard, describing the burden placed on them by the legacies of the past; as a way to actively advocate for, and, indeed, gather support of the general public and the authorities for the establishment of RECOM – a Regional Commission to establish the facts about the war crimes and other gross human rights violations perpetrated within the territory of the former Yugoslavia; and as an open line of communication about the creation of the RECOM Statute Proposal.
The Consultative Process unfolded in three phases: at first, the discussion revolved around the victims’ needs and expectations with respect to the heavy burden placed upon them by the legacies of the past, and the extra-judicial mechanisms needed to establish the facts about the recent war crimes. Following that, the participants, drawing on past experiences from other post-conflict and post-totalitarian societies and taking into account the specific nature of the wars fought within the territory of the former Yugoslavia, voiced their opinions and submitted their proposals and suggestions concerning the model for a regional commission to establish the facts about the war crimes. In the third phase, which began in May of 2010, the participants began discussing the RECOM Statute Proposal, created by the Coalition’s group of experts on the basis of all the proposals, suggestions and opinions put forward by the participants. Then came the consultations – firstly with civic groups that had taken part in the shaping of the RECOM model, and then with the region’s lawyers. There were some heated discussions, and fears were voiced that certain opinions were simply irreconcilable, but through compromise, the joint three-year long work made it possible for the participants to agree on a joint document, and, on March 26th, 2011, the RECOM Coalition Assembly adopted the RECOM Statute Proposal.
The Coalition for RECOM is Established
The Coalition for RECOM is a network of civil society organizations from post-Yugoslav countries supporting the establishment of RECOM – a Regional Commission to establish all the facts about the war crimes and other gross human rights violations perpetrated within the territory of the former Yugoslavia between January 1st, 1991 and December 31st, 2001.
The Coalition was established at the Fourth Regional Forum for Transitional Justice on October 28th, 2008 in Prishtina, Kosovo. The decision was adopted by 100 human rights NGOs, youth organizations, associations of families of missing persons and former prison camp detainees, along with all other individual participants in the said forum. By the end of 2014, the Coalition had gathered together more than 2,050 individuals and NGOs, united in the belief that only a joint and regional approach to the establishment of the facts could ensure a complete historical account of the past.
The Coalition for RECOM is coordinated by an Assembly of Coalition members, while the Regional Council, headed by RECOM Process and Project Coordinator Nataša Kandić, provides expert and technical support and assistance. The Council is composed of representatives of 10 NGOs from post-Yugoslav countries, acting as Partner Organizations in the RECOM Project: the Humanitarian Law Center (Serbia), the Youth Initiative for Human Rights in Serbia, the Youth Initiative for Human Rights in Croatia, the Transitional Justice, Accountability and Remembrance Association in Bosnia and Herzegovina (TPOS), the Center for Democracy and Transitional Justice (B&H), the Humanitarian Law Center Kosovo, the Center for Civic Education (Montenegro), the Center for Research and Policy-Making (Macedonia) and the Center for Religious Studies, Politics and Society (Serbia).
The RECOM Coalition Statute
The Statute of the RECOM Coalition was adopted at the Assembly of the Coalition members held in Zagreb on October 15th, 2010, while the current amendments and supplements to the Statute were adopted at the Assembly held in Sarajevo on June 26th, 2011.
Members of the Regional Council of the RECOM Coalition
The Fourth Regional Forum on Transitional Justice, Pristina, Kosovo
The Fourth Regional Forum was the largest conference on the mechanisms for the establishment of facts about war crimes held in the former Yugoslavia to date. It was organized jointly by the Humanitarian Law Center, Documenta, the Research and Documentation Center, the Shpresimi Association and Community Building Mitrovica. The meeting took off with words of greeting from Kosovo’s President Fatmir Sejdiu, EULEX Mission Deputy Head Roy Reeve, and other high-ranking officials.
It was at this Forum that the Coalition for RECOM was established, tasked with organizing a debate on RECOM’s mandate, aims and other relevant elements.
After the Fourth Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, the Research and Documentation Center left the Coordinating Council and ended its engagement and advocacy for the Initiative to establish a Regional Commission.
The Formation of the Coordinating Council
On May 5th, 2009 in Podgorica, Montenegro, the initiative sponsors (the HLC, Documenta and the RDC) formed the Coordinating Council (composed of members by invitation). Its first task was to create the Coalition for the establishment of RECOM, and delegate it the authority to administer the consultation process. Following that, the Council’s task was to supervise the implementation of the decisions adopted by the Assembly of the RECOM Coalition.
The Coordinating Council ceased to exist with the creation of the Regional Team of Public Advocates in October of 2011, which marked the start of the preparations for a news stage in the RECOM Process – the institutionalization.
The Fifth Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, Budva, Montenegro
The Fifth Regional Forum gathered over 200 NGOs from all states in the region of the former Yugoslavia. With its 316 participants, it stands as one of the largest gatherings on transitional justice to date. With the assistance of the Secretariat of the RECOM Coalition, the Forum was organized by the Center for Civic Education and the Human Rights Action from Montenegro. This was the first Forum where members of the RECOM Coalition, as part of four separate workshops, discussed the model and other elements of the RECOM model. The day before the Forum, the members of the Coalition held the first and founding session of the Assembly, which saw the adoption of the Coalition Statute and the election of members to the Coordinating Council. The Fifth Forum was opened by Ranko Krivokapić, the President of the Assembly of the Republic of Montenegro, along with Pierre Mirel, the head of the European Commission’s Enlargement Unit for the Western Balkans, and Ron J. P. M. van Dartel, the Dutch Ambassador to Serbia and Montenegro.
The Sixth Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, Novi Sad, Serbia
The Sixth Regional Forum for Transitional Justice was opened by Ana Tomanova Makanova, the Vice-President of the Government of Vojvodina, Vincent Degart, the Head of the European Commission’s Delegation to Serbia, Dinko Gruhonjić, the President of Vojvodina’s Independent Journalists’ Association, and film director Želimir Žilnik. The event was attended by more than 300 CSO representatives and individuals from across the whole region of the former Yugoslavia. The second meeting of the RECOM Coalition Assembly was also held as part of this Forum.
The Start of a Regional Media Campaign Aimed at Promoting the RECOM Initiative
The first media campaign to present the RECOM Initiative to the region’s general public was titled “Why RECOM?” The promotional activities began simultaneously in Banja Luka, Belgrade, Podgorica, Prishtina, Sarajevo and Zagreb on June 1st, 2010, and spread to other cities soon after.
The TV spots used in the campaign were directed by Slobodan Šijan and Milutin Petrović.
As part of the campaign, www.ZaRekom.org was launched in eight different languages, and the Initiative was presented on both Facebook and Twitter.
The RECOM Initiative Spreads to Macedonia and Slovenia
In June of 2010, Macedonian NGOs and associations of victims and war veterans joined the Consultation Process, soon to be followed by NGOs and associations of the erased from Slovenia.
The Seventh Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, Zagreb, Croatia
The Seventh Regional Forum for Transitional Justice was held in Zagreb on October 16th and 17th, 2010. The opening speech was given by Ivo Josipović, the Croatian President at the time, with former Croatian President Stipe Mesić and Government Vice-President Slobodan Uzelac also taking part in the proceedings, along with several Croatian MPs and cabinet representatives. Apart from the plenum itself, the entire debate was conducted in four working groups deliberating, respectively, the election of RECOM members; RECOM’s powers and its relation to the judiciary; public advocacy; and RECOM’s main aims and tasks.
The Forum ended with the participants’ joint assessment that all future activities of the Regional Commission had to be based on willingness on the part of the victims, a sense of obligation on the part of the states, and the full independence of the Regional Commission, to be tasked with establishing all the facts about the war crimes perpetrated within the territory of the former Yugoslavia (RECOM).
The Start of Public Advocacy
Public advocacy for the RECOM Initiative began in January of 2011. It is conducted at a national level, involving members of the RECOM Coalition’s Coordinating Council, the Initiative’s coordinators and public relations representatives, and members of the RECOM Coalition in general. The aim is to gather political support for the establishment of RECOM.
The European Parliament Backs the RECOM Initiative
A resolution on the EU integration process in Serbia, adopted by the European Parliament on January 19th, 2011, expresses support for the RECOM Initiative in Paragraph 34, “with a view to further moving forward the process of awareness and reconciliation throughout the Western Balkans and calls for support for it from the authorities in Serbia and other countries concerned”.
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe backs the RECOM Initiative in its resolution on reconciliation
On January 26th, 2011, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted Resolution 1786 (2011) on reconciliation and political dialogue between the countries of the former Yugoslavia, expressing support for all efforts by post-Yugoslav states aimed at bringing about reconciliation and new relations between them.
In particular, the Resolution highlights its support for the initiative by NGOs from post-Yugoslav states for the establishment of a Regional Commission to determine the facts about the war crimes perpetrated within the territory of the former Yugoslavia (RECOM), with the aim of recognizing all victims, and paying respects to each of them.
The Adoption of the RECOM Statute Proposal
At the Assembly meeting held on March 26th, 2011, the RECOM Coalition adopted the RECOM Statute Proposal, prepared by the Coalition’s Statute Working Group by taking into account the proposals and suggestions put forth by the participants in the consultation process, and drawing on the analyses of the statutes of truth commissions’ which had proven successful in the past, along with the legislation behind various parliamentary commissions and commissions of inquiry in post-Yugoslav states.
The Petition for the Establishment of RECOM
Over the course of a nine-week campaign, a total of 545,000 signatures supporting the petition were gathered, including 122,540 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 19,674 in Croatia, 31,060 in Montenegro, 254,625 in Serbia, 5,346 in Slovenia, 10,069 in Macedonia, and – which came as the biggest surprise – 100,566 in Kosovo and 46,000 in Banja Luka.
The Eighth Regional Forum for Transitional Justice, Sarajevo, B&H
Unlike the previous fora, which served to facilitate the debate about the establishment of RECOM, the aim of this forum was to review and assess the results of the transitional justice process in the region. “This is an attempt to transfer the process of facing the past to the institutions of state”, said Kandić.
The meeting was held on June 27th, 2011 at the Holiday Inn hotel in Sarajevo, B&H.
The Region’s Intellectuals and Artists Demand the Establishment of RECOM
A letter of support for the Initiative to establish RECOM, sent on October 7th, 2011 and addressed to all the presidents and presidency members of the post-Yugoslav states, was signed by 155 artists and intellectuals, all of them renowned throughout the region.
The Formation of the Regional Team of Public Advocates
The second phase of the RECOM Process – the Institutionalization of the RECOM Initiative (the transfer of the Initiative from the civilian to political levels) began with the formation of the Regional Team of Public Advocates (RTPA) in October of 2011. At the invitation of the Humanitarian Law Center, the team members were nominated by the partner organizations which had taken an active part in the three-and-a-half year long process of consultations about RECOM’s mandate. The RTPA’s primary task is political advocacy for the establishment of RECOM.
The RTPA is composed of: Zdravko Grebo, professor at the University of Sarajevo Faculty of Law (B&H), film director Dino Mustafić (B&H), theatre director, Dženana Karup-Druško, journalist (B&H), Žarko Puhovski, philosophy professor at the University of Zagreb (Croatia) Adriatik Kelmendi (Kosovo), Dragoljub Vuković (Montenegro) and Dinko Gruhonjić (Serbia), journalists, human rights activist Nataša Kandić (Serbia) and prof. dr. Židas Daskalovski (Macedonia).
Biljana Vankovska, philosophy professor at the University of Skopje (Macedonia), resigned from the RTPA in November of 2013, citing lack of success in her work on public advocacy in Macedonia. Journalist Igor Mekina (Slovenia) ended his engagement with the RTPA and the RECOM Initiative in January of 2014.
The Inclusion of the RECOM Initiative in the European Commission’s Reports and EU Enlargement Strategies
On October 12th, 2011, the European Commission published a document titled 2011 – 2012 Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges in the Region of the Former Yugoslavia, describing the RECOM Initiative (Paragraph 2.3) as extremely significant for the process of regional reconciliation. In addition, in its accompanying progress reports on Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo, the European Commission emphasized the RECOM Initiative as an integral part of the EU integration process of the region’s states.
The European Commission stated its continued support for the RECOM Process in its 2013 EU Integration Progress Report on Serbia. In a document titled 2013 – 2014 Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges (SERBIA 2013 progress report), published on October 16th 2013, the EC also welcomed a meeting of presidential envoys to RECOM, the first of its kind.
A Regional Meeting of the RECOM Coalition in Zagreb
63 representatives of member organizations of the RECOM Coalition from all post-Yugoslav states took part.
Žarko Puhovski, RECOM’s Public Advocate in Croatia, took the opportunity to raise the issue of the RECOM Statute’s “core principles”, to be defined by the Coalition, so that the advocates would have clear guidelines about the minimum standards to adhere to in the course of their public advocacy for the RECOM Initiative. In his assessment of this new advocacy phase, he said the following: “As the entire RECOM Process begins to shift to political levels, it starts to lose substance, but gains power. The loss of substance will primarily manifest itself in political demands for changes to our Statute Proposal. With respect to any potential amendments, it is up to the Coalition to define what the “core principles” are, that is, what has to stay in the Statute, and which issues could allow room for compromise, if necessary.” The Coalition concluded that the “core principles” of the RECOM Statute Proposal would be discussed at the next meeting of the RECOM Coalition, scheduled for February of 2012.
A Regional Meeting of the RECOM Coalition in Belgrade, Serbia
65 members the RECOM Coalition took part in the meeting, where they were given a presentation on the findings of a recently conducted research into the state of transitional justice in post-Yugoslav states. The members of the RECOM Coalition then used the rest of the day to discuss the progress of the process of the institutionalization of the RECOM Initiative, and the “core principles” of the RECOM Statute Proposal as a binding minimum to be adhered to in all public advocacy for the Initiative to establish RECOM.
During the debate about the “core principles” of the RECOM Statute Proposal, the participants agreed with Prof. Žarko Puhovski’s proposal that the RECOM Statute Proposal (adopted by the RECOM Coalition on March 26th, 2011) be treated as the starting point for reaching the minimum required consensus for any debate to be held at an official level.
The European Parliament expresses support for the Initiative for RECOM
In a resolution on Serbia’s progress (2011/2886 RSP), adopted by Parliament, and prepared by the Slovenian delegate Jelko Kacin, in paragraph 39 of this Resolution, the European Parliament “expresses support for the Initiative for RECOM and its continuous initiative towards and directing of the process of reconciliation throughout the Western Balkans.”
A Regional Meeting of the RECOM Coalition in Prishtina, Kosovo
The main topics of the meeting were the advocacy and progress of the RECOM Initiative within the political context in the region of the former Yugoslavia.
A Regional Meeting of the RECOM Coalition in Belgrade, Serbia
A meeting of the Coalition was held on September 8th, 2012 in Belgrade, with 60 of its members taking part. For the very first time, the Coalition members spoke about the war and their own wartime experiences and memories (the session was titled, What we remember, and was published in issue 10 of the RECOM Initiative !Voice). For the first time, the victims spoke about their experiences in one of the Coalition’s meetings, and it was owing to their participation in the RECOM Process that the young people in attendance got to learn more about the war crimes.
The RECOM for the Future Campaign – Zagreb, Prishtina, Belgrade, Sarajevo, Podgorica, Ljubljana, Skopje
The campaign was focused on reminding the region’s presidents and presidency members of the fact that the establishment of RECOM depended on their decisions. Modeled after some campaigns by Amnesty International, postcards containing brief messages were sent to the region’s presidencies, reminding them of the support they had already pledged to the establishment of RECOM, and that the time had come to take it a step further. The RECOM for the Future Campaign was conducted on September 22nd, 2012.
RECOM for the Future of the Young – Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Prishtina, Zagreb, Belgrade, Ljubljana, Podgorica, Skopje
The Coalition for RECOM continued to gather signatures of support for the establishment of RECOM.
The Appointment of Envoys to RECOM
On January 25th, 2013, Croatian President Ivo Josipović appointed Zlata Đurđević, a tenured professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb;
also on January 25th, 2013, Gjorge Ivanov, the President of Macedonia, appointed Luben Arnaudoski, Cabinet Member and Vice-Secretary-General for legal and organizational affairs;
on January 28th, 2013, Montenegro’s President Filip Vujanović appointed Sonja Tomović-Šundić, the Dean of the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Montenegro and his Personal Advisor on minority and human rights;
Kosovo’s President Atifete Jahjaga appointed her Personal Advisor on legal affairs Selim Selimi on March 25th, 2013;
also on March 25th, 2013, B&H Presidency Member Željko Komšić appointed Goran Mihaljević, a lawyer and liaison to the Hague Tribunal;
B&H Presidency Member Bakir Izetbegović appointed Aljoša Čampara, a lawyer and Deputy-Mayor of Sarajevo on February 21st, 2013;
Serbian President Tomislav Nikolić appointed Belgrade Court of Appeals Judge Siniša Važić on February 21st, 2013.
Slovene President Borut Pahor, and Nebojša Radmanović, the third Member of the B&H Presidency, have yet to appoint their envoys to RECOM.
The Ninth International Forum for Transitional Justice, Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Ninth International Forum for Transitional Justice, titled Reconciliation in post-Yugoslav countries, was held on May 17th and 18th, 2013, on Mount Jahorina in B&H.
The event hosted a discussion about the achievements in bringing about transitional justice in post-Yugoslav states, the Northern Ireland experience, reconciliation from the perspective of the region’s states, CSOs, religious communities and congregations, the scientific, artistic and culturalogical community, the legacy of the Hague Tribunal, and the function of reconciliation.
The Sixth Assembly of the RECOM Coalition was also held on May 17th, 2013, on Mount Jahorina in B&H.
The Regional Expert Group for RECOM Begins its Work
The Regional Expert Group is composed of the Region’s presidents’ and B&H presidency members’ personal envoys to RECOM. The envoys’ task, formulated by Croatian President Ivo Josipović, is to analyze the RECOM Statute proposal from the perspective of the constitutional, legal and political grounds for the establishment of RECOM in each individual state.
Also taking part in the group’s activities on behalf of the RECOM Coalition and the Regional Team of Public Advocates were Midhat Izmirlija, a member of the RECOM Coalition’s Working Group, and RECOM Process Coordinator Nataša Kandić. Their task was technical in nature – to offer an accurate interpretation of the RECOM Statute Proposal as submitted by the Coalition, and to ensure that all proposals and suggestions put forth by the envoys are incorporated into the Amendments accurately and in a timely manner. On occasion, other public advocates also took part in the activities, acting purely as observers.
The envoys held a total of four meetings – two in 2013, in Zagreb on September 8th and October 24th, and two more in 2014, on March 8th in Zagreb, and on May 4th in Belgrade. At the second meeting, the envoys decided to consult with their respective presidents/B&H presidency members about the “period and scope” of the Commission’s research before submitting their final Amendments for review and approval. The envoys began their consultations in May, and they were still underway as of June of 2014. The public advocates also took an active part in these consultations.
The envoys’ mandate ended on October 28th, 2014. Their proposed Amendments to the RECOM Statute Proposal were adopted by the RECOM Coalition at an Assembly meeting held on November 17th, 2014.
The I Support RECOM Campaign – Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Belgrade, Ljubljana, Podgorica, Prishtina, Zagreb, Skopje
On the occasion of the International Day of Peace, the Coalition for RECOM organized a campaign titled I Support RECOM, and informed the general public that the Regional Expert Group for RECOM had begun its work.
The Assembly Backs the Proposed Amendments to the RECOM Statute
On November 14th, 2014, the Coalition for RECOM held its seventh Assembly Meeting in Belgrade (Serbia), attended by 104 delegates representing 1,950 Coalition members. The delegates voted to support the proposed Amendments to the RECOM Statute, with only 1 vote against and 2 abstentions. The proposed Amendments concerned the legal and constitutional grounds for the establishment of RECOM in each individual state, and were formulated by the personal envoys of the presidents of Montenegro, Serbia, Croatia, Kosovo, and the Bosniak and Croat members of the B&H presidency.
The Tenth International Forum for Transitional Justice
The Tenth Forum was dedicated to the achievements in the area of transitional justice, to the promotion of the use of facts in artwork, and – to hearing the voices of the victims. It was organized by the Coalition for RECOM on November 15th and 16th, 2014, in Belgrade. A new phase of the RECOM Process was also announced, during which the Coalition would monitor, assist and encourage institutions of state to establish RECOM.
The Letter to Presidents/Members of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
On December 10, 2012, the Coalition for RECOM sent a letter to the Presidents and Members of the BH Presidency, reminding them that the Assembly had endorsed the Changes to the RECOM Statute, whereby the conditions were created for a new step towards the establishment of the Regional Commission for establishing the facts about war crimes and other serious violations of human rights in the wars in the former Yugoslavia (RECOM).
The Government of Montenegro supported the Initiative for the Establishment of RECOM.